Interesting Facts About Brazilian Jewellery – Part 2

In our previous article, we highlighted some interesting facts about the history of the Brazilian jewellery industry. In the second part of the series, we are bringing some facts about Brazil international prominence in the production of coloured gemstones.

Brazil is known for its mineral wealth, possessing one of the main gemological fields of the world. Its production involves a great variety and quantity of precious gemstones, being emerald, citrine, agate, amethyst, tourmaline, aquamarine, imperial topaz and quartz crystals the most popular.

Brazilian Popular Gemstones - The Fine Finder
The country produces more than 100 different types of gemstones! As Brazil is also a major producer of gold, the Brazilian jewellery industry is practically self-sufficient regarding its raw materials. This gives Brazil a prominent place in the jewellery industry around the world, besides cutting and producing gemstones artefacts.

Brazilian Gemstone Artefacts - The Fine Finder

The largest concentration of jewellery and related industries is in the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Ceará and Bahia, which are responsible for 90% of the national production. According to IBGM, the Brazilian Institute of Gems and Metals, this is how the states rank in the jewellery industry:

Gemstones: Minas Gerais, followed by Rio Grande do Sul and Bahia
Jewellery: São Paulo, followed by Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro
Plated Jewellery: São Paulo, followed by Rio Grande do Sul and Ceará
Stone Artefacts: Rio Grande do Sul and Minas Gerais

The Imperial Topaz, considered the most beautiful and mysterious gemstone, was discovered in Brazil around 1751 in the surroundings of Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais. Initially called “Brazilian Ruby”, it was later identified as belonging to the Topaz family. Its name “Imperial” was a tribute to the Emperor D. Pedro I who, they say, was enchanted with the exuberance of the shades and tones of a few samples of this gem.

The Imperial Topaz occurs in a variety of colours, from yellowish orange to peach-like orange, from pink to cherry. The rarest colour is purple, followed by pinkish purple, cherry, and bicolor gems. Imperial Topaz is readily identified by its superior hardness, density, and brilliance, as well as by a pronounced basal cleavage.

Imperial Topaz Jewellery - The Fine Finder
Image: Imperial Topaz Gold earrings by Brumani | Necklace by Tiffany | “Explosion” ring by Amsterdam Sauer | “Love Potion” ring by Amsterdam Sauer | Bi-coloured Imperial Topaz ring by Katherine Jetter


Stay tuned for more curiosities about Brazilian jewellery!

Read also:

4 Interesting Facts About the History of Brazilian Jewellery

Giant Emerald Found in Brazil